Looking to be completed by 2011, the European Sea Floor Observatory Network (ESONET) is being developed by international research institutions who are collaboratively spending roughly 300 million dollars to build it. There are 11 primary European partners listed in the main document (http://www.oceanlab.abdn.ac.uk/esonet/ESONET_fullrep.pdf).
The Bahamas are an archipelago, situated towards the west of the Central Atlantic, north of Cuba and comprise of over 700 islands and and are a combination of the rich Atlantic marine life and the best surroundings of the Caribbean. Bahamas holds an important place as the world’s top five diving sites, as the vertical walls and reefs covered with abundant corals and sponges, along with a lot of wrecks and blue holes, offer great visibility to some of the most spectacular, plentiful marine life.
It is possible for the Bahamas to offer such a great diving experience, because of its natural geographical formation. Most of the Bahamas are covered by the “Bahamas Banks” Plateaus and about 20 pinnacles that Bahamas is formed of ensure that most of the Bahamas has shallow water, divided by a lot of deep ocean trenches. Over time the lime stones in the Bahamas eroded considerably, which triggered the collapse of the underwater caverns thus naturally forming plenty of blue holes. Bahamas contains the largest number of blue holes in the whole world in the Grand Bahamas and the Cal Say Bank thus able to offer diving experiences that can be never matched by any other diving site of the world.
The diverse diving opportunity that Bahamas offers entices divers from all over the world and invites them again and again. Sharks, Manta Rays, Stringrays, Dolphins, Whale Sharks, and sometimes Pilot Whales are often sighted throughout the Bahamas range. The Grand Bahamas, Barry Island, Cay Sal, Andros, New Providence and Bimini are some of the great locations in the Bahamas that offer exhilarating diving experiences.
Making a Difference – Working to Save the Coral Reefs!
Ken Nedimyer and The Coral Restoration Foundation are working to restore coral reefs. Ken Nedimyer started an innovative nursery transplantation program in the Florida Keys. The whole program is based on volunteers.
Molassas St Horn
Replanting the local reefs with nursery grown corals was started based on Ken’s own work with an offshore live rock farm as well as many conversations with state, federal, and private coral researchers. A series of projects started in 2008 to transplant colonies of staghorn corals to part of the Upper Keys as approved by The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. The results have been encouraging.
Africa being a large continent, it offers all kinds of diving experiences to right from the novice divers to the most experienced scuba divers.
Apart from the Red Sea, which offers diving experiences unique to it, most of the diving experiences that Africa offers are in the warmer waters of the Indian Ocean which lies in the east coast of Africa. African countries such as Tanzania, Mozambique, South Africa and Madagascar are all rich in diving experiences. Cape Town, which is the tip of the African Continent, offers good diving experience because of the combination of the Indian Ocean currents and the currents of the Atlantic.